The Dada movement began in Zurich, Switzerland in 1916. It was a reaction to the tumultuous events in the political & global arena’s. The artists rebelled against their current reality, suggesting perhaps that if the world around them didn’t make sense then their art didn’t have to make sense either. So intent were members of Dada on opposing all norms of bourgeois culture that the group was barely in favor of itself: “Dada is anti-Dada,” they often cried.
“People took modern art very seriously when it first reached America because they believed we took ourselves very seriously. A great deal of modern art is meant to be amusing.” Marcel Duchamp. Taken from the article below.
The Telegraph has a really great article on “Fountain” & its origin before a replica is shown in the Tate Gallery.
This is the only remaining evidence of the work “Fountain”, the picture was taken by one of my favorite photographers Alfred Stieglitz.
Dada was the first conceptual art movement where the focus of the artists was not on crafting aesthetically pleasing objects but on making works that often upended bourgeois sensibilities and that generated difficult questions about society, the role of the artist, and the purpose of art.
Artists like Hans Arp were intent on incorporating chance into the creation of works of art. This went against all norms of traditional art production whereby a work was meticulously planned and completed. The introduction of chance was a way for Dadaists to challenge artistic norms and to question the role of the artist in the artistic process.